You need to give full reference details of information resources you have consulted in order to:
Good note taking habits can assist you in differentiating between references from other sources and your own ideas.
Whenever you use an idea or information from someone else's work, for example from a journal article, textbook or website, you should acknowledge the original author to make it clear where that idea came from.
This is the case regardless of whether you have directly quoted, paraphrased, translated or summarised their work.
Use this diagram to help you decide when you need to reference (cite):
You may want to use a quote if the:
Be selective in your use of quotes. It is preferable to demonstrate your understanding of the topic in your own words. Too much quoting weakens the impact.
The restatement of what someone else has said or written, but in one’s own words while keeping the original meaning.
Even if you paraphrase you must always provide a reference in your text and a full reference in the Reference List.
In order to enable others to locate these sources, and to acknowledge the original authors, you will be required to provide reference details using a specific referencing style.
Referencing the work of other people involves two distinct elements:
• an in-text citation
• a reference list
An in-text citation will include minimal details; usually the name of the author(s) and date the work was published. This is usually referred to as the author-date method, however there are some numeric referencing styles which use footnotes. In-text citations provide enough information for your readers to find the full reference in your reference list.
A reference list is a complete list of references related to the sources you have used in your work. For every in-text citation you have included within your work, there should be a detailed reference in your reference list. Each reference within the list provides full details of the source, written in the format required for the referencing style you are using. A reference list would typically be included at the end of your work.
NMU Library Website Connect with us on: FaceBook YouTubeG-GVBBM8RVQV