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APA (7th ed.) Reference Style

An introduction to the APA (American Psychological Association) 7th ed. referencing system with reference formats & examples.

Conference proceedings: Basic format

The basics of a reference list entry for a paper in a published conference proceedings:

  • Author or authors of paper. Surname followed by first initials.
  • Year.
  • Title of paper.
  • Editors of conference proceedings.
  • Title of conference proceedings (in italics).
  • Pages of paper (in round brackets).
  • Publisher.
  • DOI or URL
  • The first line of each citation is left adjusted. Every subsequent line is indented 5-7 spaces.

 

Example:

Ref conference

APA Conference ref

Please note:

  • Proceedings of conferences, meetings and symposia can be published in book or periodical form.
    • To cite published proceedings from a book, use the same format as for a book or book chapter (as in above e.g.).
    • To cite proceedings that are published regularly, use the same format as for a journal article. 

Conference proceedings: Examples

Material Type In-Text Example Reference List Example
Conference Proceeding Paper: Online                     …skills in clinical reasoning are vital (Blakey et al., 2017).

Blakey, N., Guinea, S., & Saghafi, F. (2017). Transforming undergraduate nursing curriculum by aligning models of clinical reasoning through simulation. In R. Walker & S. Bedford (Eds.), Research and Development in Higher Education: Vol. 40. Curriculum Transformation (pp. 25-37). Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia. http://www.herdsa.org.au/research-and-development-higher-education-vol-40-25

Capitalise the names of conferences, symposia and meetings that appear in titles.

Conference Session

(Fistek et al., 2017)

OR

Fistek et al.'s (2017) conference session addressed...

Fistek, A., Jester, E., & Sonnenberg, K. (2017, July 12-15). Everybody's got a little music in them: Using music therapy to connect, engage, and motivate [Conference session]. Autism Society National Conference, Milwaukee, WI, United States. https://asa.confex.com/asa/2017/webprogramarchives/Session9517.html

Provide the year, month and dates of the conference (not the specific day the session was presented).

Conferences have specific locations, so this is included in the format of City, State/Province/Territory (as applicable), and Country, e.g. Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Paper Presentation

(Maddox et al., 2016)

OR

Discussed by Maddox et al. (2016)...

Maddox, S., Hurling, J., Stewart, E., & Edwards, A. (2016, March 30-April 2). If mama ain't happy, nobody's happy: The effect of parental depression on mood dysregulation in children [Paper presentation]. Southeastern Psychological Association 62nd Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, United States.

Cite all authors of a presentation, even if they were not all present at the conference/meeting.

Poster Presentation

(Pearson, 2018)

OR

According to Pearson (2018)...

Pearson, J. (2018, September 27-30). Fat talk and its effects on state-based body image in women [Poster presentation]. Australian Psychological Society Congress, Sydney, NSW, Australia. http://bit.ly/2XGSThP

Note that the use of a URL shortener, such as Bitly, is permissible where the original URL is long and complex. Make sure that your short URL works before submission.

 

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