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APA (7th ed.) Reference Style

An introduction to the APA (American Psychological Association) 7th ed. referencing system with reference formats & examples.

Course notes/presentations: Reference format

The basics of a reference list entry for course notes or course presentation:

  • Author. Surname followed by initials.
  • Year (in round brackets). Provide an exact date of delivery if known, e.g. (2018, March 12)
  • Title (in italics). Provide the Unit code, Unit Name and Session details in the title (even if not explicitly in presentation title).
    • If the presentation has no title provide a brief description in [square brackets] with no italics, also containing Unit and Session details.
  • Description of medium [in square brackets], for e.g. [Course presentation] or [PowerPoint slides].
  • College Name, University Name.
  • URL. For content on VU Collaborate, provide the link to the Collaborate log-in page.
  • The first line of each citation is left adjusted. Every subsequent line is indented 5-7 spaces.



Ref course notes

Course notes/presentations ref

Course notes/presentations: Examples

Material Type In-Text Example Reference List Example

Course notes/presentation: VU Collaborate

(With a presentation title)

... the complexities of 'power' (Ooi, 2018).

Ooi, Daniel. (2018, October 31). Session 3 presentation: AEB1804 Young People in a Global Community [Course presentation]. First Year College, Victoria University.

Use Title Case for the Unit Name, as it is a proper noun.

Course notes/presentation: VU Collaborate

(With a presentation description)

…as discussed previously (Ooi, 2018).     

Ooi, Daniel. (2018, November 11). [PowerPoint slides for AEB1804 Young People in a Global Community, session 7]. First Year College, Victoria University.

Where there is no title, provide a brief description in [square brackets]. Include the Unit code, Unit Name and session details and do not use italics.

Incorporate the format type, e.g. 'PowerPoint slides', into your description, rather than putting it in separate square brackets.

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